Aldara is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called immune response modifiers, and it works by stimulating the defence of the human body to fight specific types of skin infections. This medicine is often used by patients to treat perianal and external genital warts if they’re caused by HPV. It can be taken to treat such conditions as AK and sBCC.
Correct Use of Aldara
Before applying this medication, users need to wash their hands and allow their skin to dry completely. It’s necessary to apply a thin layer of this cream to their affected skin areas a few times a week before the bedtime. It should be left on the skin for up to 10 hours before washing it off. This treatment usually lasts for about 16 weeks, but everything depends on a specific medical condition that must be treated. Besides, there are many aspects that may affect its right dosage for patients, including their body weight, other meds, etc. Aldara is designed to be applied only externally, so it’s not allowed to use it orally.
Mild and Serious Side Effects
Almost all medications may cause certain adverse effects, including Aldara. They can be mild and serious, and they are all about an unwanted response of the body to this medicine. Some of the most common side effects caused by this treatment include:
Diarrhea and skin blistering;
Dizziness and unusual fatigue;
Stinging and burning of the skin;
Skin peeling and flaking;
Headaches and hair loss;
Heartburn and nausea;
Skin redness and hardening;
Darkened or lightened skin color;
Itching and vomiting;
Swelling and scabbing.
If any of these adverse effects are persistent, your doctor needs to know about that. They don’t happen often, but they may lead to problems if left untreated. In rare cases, the use of Aldara may lead to serious side effects that require immediate medical care, including:
Skin rash and increased blood pressure;
Difficulty urinating and new symptoms of infections;
Swollen or painful joints;
Open scabs or sores on the skin;
Chest pain and allergic reactions.
Before starting this treatment, your doctor needs to be informed about possible allergies and other serious health conditions. Avoid being exposed to direct sunlight when applying this medication and wear protective clothes or use sunscreens. The effectiveness and safety of this treatment for patients with immune conditions are not determined. Children and women who are pregnant or nursing are not allowed to use it. Don’t drink alcohol and avoid nicotine to achieve the best results.
There are certain drugs that may potentially interact with Aldara, so their intake should be avoided when undergoing this treatment. Their list includes corticosteroids, live vaccines, meds that suppress the immune system, other drugs applied on the skin, etc. Inform your doctor about other meds that you’re taking, because you may need to stop taking them or adjust their doses, to be on a safe side.