Glycomet is a medicine taken to treat diabetes in both children and adult patients. It’s possible to use it either alone or in the right combination with other diabetic meds. Many doctors prescribe this medication to prevent diabetes in patients with a high risk.
Mechanism of Action
Basically, Glycomet is an oral medicine that works by lowering blood sugar levels and influencing the sensitivity of the human body to insulin. The latter one is an important hormone produced by the pancreas, and it control sugar levels in the blood by decreasing the amount of glucose and improving its removal. As a result, insulin is responsible for causing blood sugar levels to fall. Diabetes is a condition resulted by decreasing the production of insulin, but the intake of Glycomet helps patients treat it by increasing the sensitivity of muscles, liver, fat and other tissues to the effects and uptake of insulin, thus, lowering blood sugar levels.
Unlike many glucose-lowering medications that belong to the sulfonylurea group, Glycomet doesn’t boost the blood concentration of insulin, so its use doesn’t lead to low blood sugar levels. According to the latest studies and tests, this medicine helps users prevent and decrease different diabetes complications, including kidney problems, heart conditions and blindness. Its intake for treating diabetes was approved by the FDA in 1994.
Mild and Serious Glycomet Side Effects
The most common adverse effects associated with this treatment include the following:
Vomiting and nausea;
Bloating and gas;
Loss of appetite and diarrhea;
However, these symptoms are mild, and they’re often discontinued over time. If they get worse, you should call your doctor to adjust this treatment accordingly. Besides, the use of Glycomet is associated with:
Unusual weakness and chills;
Respiratory tract infections and heartburn;
Low glucose and low levels of vitamin B-12.
In rare cases, this medicine may cause severe side effects, such as:
Unusual muscle pain and tiredness;
Feeling cold and lactic acidosis;
Difficulty breathing and abnormal heartbeats;
Stomach discomfort and lightheadedness.
If you notice any of these symptoms, be sure to get emergency medical help.
Recommended Doses of Glycomet
To treat diabetes, adult patients are prescribed to start this treatment with taking either 850 mg once a day or 500 mg twice a day. This dose can be gradually increased if they tolerate Glycomet well enough, but a maximum daily dosage shouldn’t exceed 2,550 mg. Minor patients who are less than 16 years old need to take 500 mg twice a day.
Possible Drug Interactions
It’s not allowed to combine Glycomet with specific medications because of possible drug interactions. For example, you shouldn’t take it with thiazide diuretics, estrogens, different steroids, oral contraceptives, alcoholic beverages, cimetidine, ioversol and some others.