Belonging to a group of powerful antidepressants, Lithium stimulates normalization of severe bipolar disorders. The active ingredients of the drug interfere with the sodium flow through the muscle cells and nerves in the body. Since sodium has a significant impact on mania and excitation, the medication helps to eliminate their symptoms. Lithium is commonly administered in order to treat or prevent manic episodes of bipolar disorders. The most specific signs of such disorders include:
Reduced need for sleep;
Fast speech and others.
Besides, Lithium may be used off-label for other purposes, not mentioned in the safety guide.
Recommendations for Use and Doses
Considering the powerful influence Lithium has on the organism, it is inevitable to mention the necessity to follow the prescription and recommendations for use. Lithium should be used in accordance with the adjusted factors. The dose may vary, depending on multiple factors, while the most common safe and effective dose is 1800 mg per day. Never increase or decrease the dose to avoid possible misuse or overuse with negative consequences.
Lithium will not produce desirable effects fast, while it may take a few weeks to notice any improvements. Continue to use the medication for a full duration of the prescribed course, even though the medication seems ineffective. Consume much liquid during Lithium treatment course, as it stimulates dehydration, so a patient can get accompanying symptoms.
Precautions, Contraindications and Other Safety Instructions
Do not start Lithium treatment course without previous doctor’s consultation. Patients, allergic to its active ingredients, other component or similar medications are not recommended to use the drug. Pregnant and breastfeeding women are contraindicated for the medication use due to the high risk of dangerous impact on a nursing or unborn child.
To ensure a completely safe Lithium therapy, a patient should warn the doctor about other health impairments or complications he/she has, especially:
Kidney or liver disorders and others.
The drug should not be given to children under 12.
Lithium Interactions with Other Remedies
Provide the doctor with information about other pharmaceuticals you use, since some of them may interact with lithium causing severe reactions. They include:
Blood pressure treatments;
Fluoxetine and others.
Lithium Side Effects
Call your doctor or seek immediate medical assistance in case Lithium intake triggered any serious abnormalities, especially:
Memory disorders, confusion, lightheadedness;
Decreased bladder control;
Constipation, nausea, vomiting, etc.