Ranitidine is a popular medicine taken by people to treat ulcers in the intestines and stomach or prevent their returning. You can also take it to prevent and treat some throat and stomach problems if they’re caused by stomach acid. Basically, this medication belongs to H2 histamine blockers, and it works by decreasing the acid amount in the stomach. This is how Ranitidine prevents and heals ulcers while improving such unwanted symptoms as stomach pain and heartburn.
Basic Recommendations of Its Intake
Doctors advise their patients to take this medication orally, 1-2 times a day, and Ranitidine can be used with and without food. If you’re prescribed to take it once a day, you need to use a single dose before your bedtime. The length of this treatment and your dosage is based on personal tolerance.
Unwanted Mild and Serious Side Effects
Like other medications, the use of Ranitidine may cause a list of unwanted adverse effects. The good news is that most of them are mild and include:
Dizziness and drowsiness;
Nausea and vomiting;
Headaches and constipation;
Diarrhea and stomach discomfort.
If any of these symptoms get worse, you need to inform your physician as soon as possible. Serious side effects are very rare, but if you notice any of the following signs, you need to go to the hospital immediately:
Mood and mental changes;
Vision problems and blurred visions;
Easy bruising and bleeding;
Signs of new infections and allergic reactions;
Slow, fast and irregular heartbeats;
Dark urine and severe tiredness;
Severe stomach pain and yellow skin or eyes;
Depression and confusion;
Increased nervousness and hallucinations.
Important Precautions before and when Using Ranitidine
Before taking the first dose of this medication, discuss other health conditions that you have with doctors, especially allergies, kidney and liver problems, immune system complications, lung diseases, stomach conditions, etc. You need to get emergency medical help once you experience such symptoms as shoulder or chest pain, dizziness and sweating and unexplained weight loss. Besides, kidney functions decline as people get older, and Ranitidine is removed from the human body by kidneys. That’s why older patients are more prone to having side effects when undergoing this treatment.
Possible Drug Interactions
The effects of some medications may change the way Ranitidine works and increase its side effects, do they should be avoided at all cost. To prevent dangerous drug interactions, it’s not allowed to combine this medication with such pharmaceutical products as azole antifungals, NAISDs, other H2 histamine blockers and so on. You need to make a list of other herbal supplements, vitamins and minerals, prescription and over-the-counter meds that you’re taking. Finally, Ranitidine may interfere with some lab tests and cause their false results, so lab specialists should know about its use.