Topamax is an oral medication that is taken by people either alone or with other drugs to control and prevent epilepsy or seizures. This medicine is also taken to prevent migraines and reduce their frequency. However, its intake won’t cure these headaches once they happen, so if you get migraines, treat them as directed by your physician. Topamax belongs to a group of drugs called antiepileptic and anticonvulsant medications.
How Patients Use This Medication
Topamax should be taken orally, both with and without food, and most patients use it twice a day. To prevent a possible risk of forming kidney stones, it’s advisable to drink a lot of liquid while undergoing this treatment. The right dosage of all patients is based on their medical condition and personal response. When it comes to children, their regular doses are based on their body weight. Doctors may gradually increase these doses to decrease a possible risk of experiencing unwanted side effects. For some medical conditions, it’s necessary to start taking Topamax only once a day, preferably before the bedtime, and this dosage can be slowly increased to taking this drug twice a day. It takes a few weeks and even months to get its full benefit, but you need to take it regularly.
Topamax Adverse Effects
Like other drugs, this medication may cause certain side effects, such as the following:
Dizziness and drowsiness;
Unusual tiredness and loss of coordination;
Loss of appetite and weight loss;
Diarrhea and bad taste in the mouth;
Tingling in feet and hands;
Slowed thinking and confusion;
Difficulty concentration and paying attention;
Memory issues and increased nervousness.
These symptoms are mild, but if any of them worsens, patients need to inform their doctors immediately. In very rare cases, they may end up with serious side effects, including:
Chills and fever;
Severe stomach pain and bloody urine;
Painful or frequent urination;
Depression and other mental changes;
Broken bones and bone pain;
Slow, fast and irregular heartbeats;
Fast breathing and loss of consciousness;
Allergic reactions and vision changes;
Eye redness and pain.
They all require immediate medical attention.
Before taking this medicine, visit doctors and tell them more about your medical history, especially if you have any allergies, kidney and liver problems, eye conditions, mood and mental issues, breathing and lung diseases, long-term diarrhea, metabolic acidosis, osteoporosis, etc. This treatment may reduce the ability to sweat, so avoid any activities that may cause you to overheat.
Don’t take Topamax with certain medications because of a high risk of having dangerous drug interactions. For example, it shouldn’t be taken with alcoholic beverages, antihistamines, muscle relaxants, pills for anxiety and sleep, narcotic pain relievers and some others because of serious side effects and other health complications.