Effectiveness of Trazodone for Treating Depression
Trazodone is often taken to treat depression because it helps patients improve their appetite, mood and energy levels while reducing insomnia, anxiety and other unwanted symptoms. This medication works by restoring the right serotonin balance in the brain. It’s necessary to take Trazodone orally, either once or twice a day after snacks or meals. If you suffer from drowsiness, it’s advisable to take only 1 dose a day, preferably at bedtime. The right dosage must be based on your response to this therapy and medical condition. To decrease the risk of having unwanted side effects, you should start using Trazodone in lower doses and increase them gradually. You may end up with such symptoms as difficulty sleeping, agitation and anxiety if you stop taking this antidepressant suddenly. It usually takes about a few weeks to notice its full benefits.
Possible Trazodone Adverse Effects
This medicine may cause certain unwanted side effects, and the most common ones include:
Nausea and vomiting;
Dizziness and drowsiness;
Diarrhea and sudden weight changes;
Unusual tiredness and headaches;
Blurred vision and dry mouth;
Muscle pain and stuffy nose;
Taste changes and constipation;
Changes in sexual drive and allergies.
The great news is that most of these symptoms are mild, but if any of them worsen, you should visit your doctor as soon as you can. There are certain things that you can do to relieve some of these side effects. For example, you should suck on ice chips, drink water and chew gums to relieve dry mouth. It’s advisable to get up slowly from any lying or sitting position to decrease lightheadedness and dizziness. If you notice the following serious side effects, you need to get emergency medical help:
Nightmares and tremors;
Difficulty urinating and blood in your urine;
Ringing in your ears and signs of new infections;
Stomach pain and shortness of breath;
Seizures and fainting;
Irregular or fast heartbeat;
Loss of coordination and hallucinations;
Twitching muscles and loss of coordination;
Unexplained fever, agitation and restlessness;
Painful and prolonged erections;
Jaw, arm or chest pain.
Important Trazodone Contraindications
Before you start using this drug, be sure to inform doctors about any possible allergies to it and such serious medical conditions as bipolar disorder, heart diseases, suicide attempts, kidney and liver problems, blood pressure complications and some others. The intake of Trazodone can make you feel drowsy or dizzy, so it’s not advisable to drive or perform other activities that require full alertness. You also need to limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages while undergoing this treatment. Finally, you shouldn’t combine Trazodone with specific medications, such as digoxin, MAO inhibitors, azole antifungals, macrolide antibiotics, HIV protease inhibitors, rifamycins and pills for treating seizures.